The educational material was developed by a master’s student at USP; the videos discuss water resources based on visual pedagogy and the interaction between deaf and dumb
Climate change, global warming, planet sustainability. Environmental issues face many challenges, including a lack of awareness and information. During its virtual world conference in 2021, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco) appealed so that education for sustainable development becomes a central component of all education systems by 2025. But this is not yet the reality in many countries, especially for some groups of people, such as the deaf community in Brazil.
A USP masters student found that there was a lot of material for teachers and interpreters of Brazilian Sign Language (Libra), but there was a lack of initiatives for access to education and decision-making aimed at deaf themselves. Thinking about the autonomy and scientific literacy of this group, Tabita Teixeira has created an educational material to teach the theme of water to the deaf.
The project was developed as part of the Professional Master in Didactics of Environmental Sciences, offered by the Degree Course in the National Network for the Teaching of Environmental Sciences (PROFCIAMB), through the associate of the School of Engineering of São Carlos (CESE) at the USP.
In all, six videos were produced addressing the themes of water, watershed, riparian forest, virtual water, water contamination and shared water management, which are available on the website. channel of the Deaf Association of Jaú and the Region (Asja). “The idea of the material is that it can be used in all teaching, whether formal, non-formal or informal, and by any age group starting from 10, so that people can understand some more complex concepts”, Tabita explains. .
The student, who is hearing, had the idea of creating an educational product aimed at teaching the deaf by developing an environmental education project with Asja’s participants and realizing the difficulties they have to face in order to integrate and socialize in schools. According to the 1996 Law of Guidelines and Bases, the education of persons with disabilities should preferably take place in a regular network, with specialized support to meet their needs.
Also, Libra should be introduced as the first language for the deaf, but that’s not always the case. “It’s cultural. Deaf parents pass on the use of Libra to their children; hearing parents are not in this culture and often try to “fix them”, but the culture of the deaf does not understand deafness as a disability, but as another form of communication “, explains Tabita, who also reports the absence of professionals able to deal with these students in schools.
The production of the videos was possible thanks to the collaboration of several people, in different fields. Tabita wrote the scripts in Portuguese; Professor Fernanda da Rocha Brando Fernandez, of the Department of Biology of the Faculty of Philosophy, Science and Letters of the Ribeirão Preto campus (FFCLRP), who supervised the master, revised the text; and the teacher Mariana Didone, who is deaf and works as an interpreter in the city of Dois Córregos, agreed to translate into Libra and voluntarily record the videos.
At the end of 2020, the educational material for teaching the deaf was covered by the Green Rooms Project, of the Ministry of the Environment, which aims to favor the creation of socio-environmental spaces that act as centers of information and environmental training. The initiative selects videos from the environmental area sent by professionals from all over Brazil, which are recorded on CD and distributed to Salas Verdes throughout the country.
You enter the search for the master, from which the videos in Libra were born in this link. Watch the other product videos:
With information from Paula Penedo (communication consultant PROFCIAMB)